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Altitude Sickness/Acclimatization

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“The best view comes after the hardest climb”

Hence, traveling up to the higher attitude, conquering the world's largest mountains, trekking the world’s largest peaks, and enjoying the scenic beauty below may be on the bucket list of many of us. It certainly is the passion of many of us to unveil the path of mountains, to move further and further above the mountains till we are fully satisfied by the views of it and till our strength supports us. But with the adventure and thrill also comes hazard such as acclimatization and altitude sickness.

Acclimatization is possibly the condition of becoming accustomed to a new climate or to new conditions where possibly altitude sickness may occur. Altitude sickness occurs at a height mainly above 3000m especially when you are moving quickly. Generally, altitude sickness kicks in at 3500m and again around 4500m. Hence it is most important to gain height as slowly as possible. It is highly recommended to gain the height of 300m to 500m each day. It may not be possible to gain the suggested height in some difficult areas, so you must monitor your condition very closely so that proper precautions could be taken before the problem arises.
Severe altitude sickness may cause in the Northern region, hence it is most crucial to learning about the effects and symptoms of altitude sickness. Hence, the major symptoms of altitude sickness are:

  •  Headache/dizziness/lightheadedness.
  •  Nausea/ Vomiting
  • lack of appetite
  •  Disorientation
  • rapid breathing and shortness of breathe
  • weakness and fatigue
  • sleeping difficulties
  • erratic breathing (Cheyne strokes breathing)
  •  Disconcertingly heart thump

Hence, haste during taking height is highly prohibited. It's necessary to walk slowly along with the attitude. Further, it is suggested to drink at least 4 litre of water, and consume herbal foods such as hot lemon, garlic, and fresh food which may be supportive in preventing the symptoms to a certain degree. It is most important to prevent these symptoms as if the symptoms are neglected, it will emphasize soon to High  Attitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) where water enters the lungs and the symptoms of blurred vision, fever, extreme fatigue, coughing producing pink frothy fluid, blue or grey lips and fingernails, ratling and gurgling noises while breathing, unable to catch the breath and chest tightness can be seen. Similarly, another condition of High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) may also be seen. In this condition water collects in the brain and which may show the symptoms of exhaustion, confusion, difficulty walking, headache, and vomiting further changes in normal behavior can be seen, the person may go into a coma as well.

Medication/ Precaution method

The crucial medication or say prevention method is to walk slowly during the trekking process. As you walk slowly and have your breathing under your control, the risk of altitude sickness will fall down. Another method may be trying homeopathy coca, available as homeopathic tablets for altitude sickness, and ginkgo Biloba tablets which may be suggested to be taken twice a day for five days before arrival and one tablets a day during the trek. The ultimate option may be a Gamow bag and oxygen cylinder, which can temporarily relieve the effect of high altitude. Oxygen cylinders are generally available in the Everest region. It is also suggested to purchase an insurance policy so that the rescue can be done in an emergency case even through the helicopter.

Nevertheless, we the team of Sherpa Expedition and Trekking are always there to provide you with a homely environment and proper care for all our clients. We are capable of communicating with the rescue teams and also with our clients in complicated situations. We promise you to make your journey a lifetime memorable experience that you reminisce over and over in the future.  

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