"This city also is known as Patan, once as independent Newar kingdom before the Shah dynasty took over, is best known for its finest traditional crafts and rich artistic heritage."
Some eight kilometers south of central Kathmandu situated on a plateau across the Bagmati River is a lovely little city called Lalitpur, the city of fine arts.
This city of Lalitpur divided into 22 municipal wards and is inhabited by approx 200,000 people. A substantial portion of its population is engaged in various trades, especially in traditional handicrafts and cottage industries. Lalitpur is fast is the only town in the entire Nepal
That has produced the highest number of most talented artists and the finest craftsmen recorded in Nepalese art history. The most famous Newar artists and master craftsmen, like Arniko, Abhay Raj and siddhi Raj, were all born in Lalitpur.
It is said that the city was designed and built after the Buddhist Dharma Chakra
(the wheel of righteousness). It is surrounded by four big stupas- one at each corner of its cardinal points. These monuments are said to have been built by the Indian Emperor Ashoka when he came to Kathmandu Valley on his pilgrimage tour some 22,50 years ago. When we look at the shape and size of these stupas, in many ways they seem to breathe their antiquity in a real remote past. It is interesting to note that there are more than 1,200 Buddhist monuments of various shapes and sizes scattered in and around this city alone. However, the most important monumental center of this city is, of course, Patan Durbar square, which to our great delight has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
A British traveler precibal London was highly impressed by the sight of this beautiful square wrote way back in 1928 ‘As an ensemble, the Durbar in Patan probably remains the most picturesque collection of buildings that have been set up in so small a place by the piety of oriental man”.
In fact, patent Durbar r square is the only monumental area in all three cities of Kathmandu Valley that still outstands with its most magnificent architectural splendor and unique artistic beauty. Patan, in its long chequered history, has undergone many sociopolitical upheavals. Even so, this lovely little city seems to have fairly well preserved its glorious cultural heritage and the history of its finest craftsmanship.
Lalitpur said to have founded by King Veer Deva in 299 A.D. has many old names such as Yala, Yupagram, Lalitpatan, and Mangal. Several historical records plus many other legends also indicate that Patan is the oldest of all three cities of Kathmandu Valley.
- Patan Durbar Square
- Golden Temple
- Kumbheshwar Temple
- Rudravarana Mahavir
- Mahabouddha Temple
- Machhendranath Temple
PATAN DURBAR SQUARE
Patan Durbar Square, situated in the heart of the city constitutes the focus of visitor’s attraction. The square is full of ancient monuments, temples and shrines, noted for their
Exquisite craftsmanship and architectural beauty. One can rummage for treasures in the various shops around the square.
This three-story golden pagoda of Shakyamuni (Lord Buddha) was Built in the 12th century by King Bhaskar Berman. It is located in the courtyard of Kwabhal. Inside the upper story of this pagoda, placed on the pedestal, are the elite images of Amoghpash Lokeshwor and a large prayer wheel. There is a wealth of gems like beautiful carvings on its walls and paintings depicting a complete life history of Buddha.
Kumbheshwor temple in Patan and Natalia temple in Bhaktapur are the only temples in the valley with five roofs, with the exception of the round five-tiered Pancha Muni Hanuman of Kathmandu’s Hanuman Dhoka palace. This temple of Lord Shiva was built during the reign of King Jayasiddhi Mall. Latera golden finial was added to it. A religious fair is held here on the Janai Purnima day in August.
THE ASHOKA STUPAS
There are four ancient stupas in Patan believed to have been built in 250 B.C. by Emperor Ashoka at the four corners of Patan. Their stupas are situated in Pulchwok, Lagankhel, Ebahi(on the way to sankhamul and teta (on the way to Lubu Sano Gaon) respectively. These stupas are evidence of the city’s ancient religious importance.
JAGAT NARAYAN TEMPLE
It is a tall, imposing temple of Lord Vishnu in red brick, situated on the bank of the Bagmati river(sankhamul), the temple has many fine images of stone and an artistic metal statue of Garuda in stone pillar right in front.
JYAPU ACADEMY CENTRE
Jay samajh, Yala has its own indigenous and artistic Jyapu Academy Centre “Jyapu Pragya Bhawan” at Ward No. 9, Bholadhoka. It was established in order to play a positive role in society building activities. Uniting and managing 40 indigenous jyapu Toles of Lalitpur City area. An ethnic museum has already been launched on the upper basement floor with a wide collection of artifacts, objects, and materials of typical rituals, the tradition of various nationalities and Newar of Nepal including indigenous Juapus. The life-size models with the identity of indigenous nationalities from the eastern to western Himalayas and Terai area also on display. These are different models reflecting the culture, traditions, the monthly celebrated festivals, the historical artifacts, objects, costumes, musical instruments applied since the birth until death long in the newer community are beautifully displayed in this museum.
About 10 minutes walk from Patan Durbar Square lies this Buddhist temple made of high-quality bricks in which thousands of images of Lord Buddha were engraved. The terracotta structure is one of the 14th-century Nepalese architectural masterpieces. It was constructed by an architect named Avaya Raj.
RUDRA BARANA MAHABIHAR
This unique Buddhist monastery complex contains an amazing collection of five images and statues in metal, stone, and wood. Many Kings in ancient times were crowned in this monastery. Many of the treasures offered by the devotees can be seen here even today.
TEMPLES OF RED MACHHENDRANATH AND MINNATHE
The temple of red Machhendranath, built in 1408 A.D. is situated at tabahal, Red Machhendranath also was known as Avalikiteshwor is housed here in for six months another six months in Bungamati, the temple of Minnath is situated at Tangal, which is supposed to be older than the temple of Red Machhendranath.
It was established towards the beginning of the 6th century to house an idol of Lord Buddha. The Mahabihar was reconstructed not too long ago. It has altogether 30 rooms in this complex including”Dhyankuti” research room, training room, library, review room, guests room, and so on. Situated behind the Ashoka Stupa at Pulchwok, the Mahavira Commands a beautiful view of the Kathmandu Valley.
This temple of Lord Krishna built in the 17th century by King Siddhi Narsingh Malla holds a commanding position in the Durbar Square of Patan, it is supposed to be the first specimen of the shikhara-style temple all made in stone. It is the only temple on Nepal having 21 golden pinnacles. Most of the important scenes from the ancient Hindu epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata have been engraved on its friezes.
THEE MAIN CHOWKS
The main attraction of Patan Durbar Square is the ancient Royal Palace indeed. It consists of three main chwok (courtyards): Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk, and Mani Kesav Narayan Chwok. In the northern corner of the Mul Chowk is the three stories octagonal temple of Taleju Bhawani Built By King Shree Niwas Malla in 1667. The Sundari Chowk holds in its center a masterpiece of stone sculptures popularly known as Royal bath. Between the central Mul Chowk and Mani Keshab Narayan Chowk lies a temple of Degu Taleju Lookin out onto the main square.
According to a very old Kirat chronicle edited by a noted research scholar Prem Bahadur Subba, Patan was founded by Kirati rulers long before the Lichchhavi rulers came into the political scene in Kathmandu Valley. According to him the earliest known capital was most possibly shifted from Thankot to Patan after the kirati king Yalamber came into power sometime around the second century A.D.
It must be mentioned here that one of the most common and typical Newari name of Patanos Yala. It is said that King Yalamber named this city after himself and ever since then this ancient city was known as Yala.
- One night.
- 3-star Hotel
- An experienced, helpful and friendly Government license holder City Tour Guide.
- Patan city sightseeing by private car.
- All Patan city sightseeing tour program as mentioned in the itinerary
- Overland transportation
- Lunch & Dinner during the tour Patan.
- International flight ticket
- Nepal entry visa fee US$ 40 (duration 60 days from the date of issue)- you may easily issue the visa upon your arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport - Kathmandu.
- Entrance fees while sightseeing tour in Patan city.
- Cotton T-shirts
- Water Bottle
- Fleece Pants
- Hat and light gloves
- Wind and waterproof jacket
Upper Body- Head / Ears / Eyes
- A pair of half gloves
- Neck warmer
- Sunscreen (35 to 60 SPF)
- A pair of half gloves for walking poles(if you prefer)
- long sleeve t-shirts
- Thermal Tops according to weather
- wool Jackets or pullover
- Artificial sports bras for (Women and girls)
- Water and windproof shell jacket
- Thermal underwear (especially trousers) in winter
- windproof and waterproof trousers
- warmer trouser
- Comfortable pants
- Extra casual sport pants
- A pair of good waterproof and easy boots
- Light shoes and sneaker
First Aid Kits and Medicines
- Assorted Adhesive Bandages (fabric preferred)
- Blister treatment
- Insect testing / anti-itch treatment
- Ibuprofen / other pain-relief medication
- Warps, splints, and wound coverings butterfly bandage
- Water purifying pills
Miscellaneous, but must useable
- 4 pic passport sizes with original passport
- Water bottle & filter
- Flight details (please make a copy and leave one pic at our office in KTM because of if you won to change your flight date)
- Bathroom kit (conform, should be included Toilet papers put on the plastic bag, hand wipes, towel, and soap, etc.)
- Comfortable trekking poles
- Best energy dry foods (up to you)
- Power Bank and music players
- Camera (Memory card, chargers, and extra batteries)
Good to KnowSherpa Expedition & Trekking Pvt. Ltd information about the trekking and tours in Nepal.
Here are some do”s and don’t which you should follow:
- Do smile and greet the local people saying “Namaste”.
- Shake hands whenever you get a chance.
- Do walk in a group or keep a distance that you could see the person in front and the person behind you.
- Do consult with your tour guide before trying anything new during the tour.
- Do ask questions to the guide which you feel confused.
- Do inform your tour guide if you are not comfortable with your health or if you need any pieces of stuff.
- Enjoy your free time shopping.
- Take lots of pictures. (no one knows what's going to happen tomorrow).
- Don’t disrespect the local culture and beliefs - even if you are uncomfortable with it.
- Don’t take photos of local people you encounter on your tour without their permission. Doing so may be offensive to them.
- Don’t be offended if local people stare at you. It is because they are surprised to see you. It is not their intention to offend you.
- Don’t harm wild animals, birds, and plants during the tour and take a global perspective and responsibility to save and preserve this unique environment.
- Don’t give money to children and beggars as it encourages them to beg more instead of working and earning
- Do not wear short dresses when you are visiting temples.
- Do not Carry dangerous weapons on the trip.
- Do not Hesitate to say "no" if somebody tries to sell you something that you don't want. You won't offend them especially if you smile and say, "no thank you".